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2010年12月20日

在Android的webview中定制js的alert,confirm和prompt对话框的方法

Filed under: Android,Java,前端开发 — 标签:, , , , , , — lizongbo @ 20:33

1.首先继承android.webkit.WebChromeClient实现MyWebChromeClient。

2.在MyWebChromeClient.java中覆盖onJsAlert,,onJsPrompt三个方法。

3.在初始化Webview时设置调用webview.setWebChromeClient(new MyWebChromeClient());

4.在Webview载入的html中使用window.alert,window.confirm,window.prompt方法,系统弹出的将是自定义实现的对应对话框。

MyWebChromeClient.java的代码如下:

[code]
package com.lizongbo.mwebdev.;

import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.DialogInterface.OnCancelListener;
import android.content.DialogInterface.OnClickListener;
import android.content.DialogInterface.OnKeyListener;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.KeyEvent;
import android.webkit.JsPromptResult;
import android.webkit.JsResult;
import android.webkit.WebChromeClient;
import android.webkit.;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class MyWebChromeClient extends WebChromeClient {

@Override
public void onCloseWindow(WebView window) {
super.onCloseWindow(window);
}

@Override
public boolean onCreateWindow(WebView view, boolean dialog,
boolean userGesture, Message resultMsg) {
return super.onCreateWindow(view, dialog, userGesture, resultMsg);
}

/**
* 覆盖默认的window.alert展示界面,避免title里显示为“:来自file:////”
*/
@Override
public boolean (WebView view, String url, String message,
JsResult result) {
final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(view
.getContext());
builder.setTitle(“lizongbo的Android webview测试alert对话框”).setMessage(message)
.setPositiveButton(“确定”, null);
//不需要绑定按键事件
//屏蔽keycode等于84之类的按键
builder.setOnKeyListener(new OnKeyListener() {
@Override
public boolean onKey(DialogInterface dialog, int keyCode,
KeyEvent event) {
Log.v(“onJsAlert”, “keyCode==” + keyCode + “event=” + event);
return true;
}
});
//禁止响应按back键的事件
builder.setCancelable(false);
AlertDialog dialog = builder.create();
dialog.show();
result.confirm();//因为没有绑定事件,需要强行confirm,否则页面会变黑显示不了内容。
return true;
// return super.onJsAlert(view, url, message, result);
}

@Override
public boolean onJsBeforeUnload(WebView view, String url, String message,
JsResult result) {
return super.onJsBeforeUnload(view, url, message, result);
}

/**
* 覆盖默认的window.confirm展示界面,避免title里显示为“:来自file:////”
*/
@Override
public boolean onJsConfirm(WebView view, String url, String message,
final JsResult result) {
final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(view
.getContext());
builder.setTitle(“lizongbo的Android webview测试confirm对话框”).setMessage(message)
.setPositiveButton(“确定”, new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
result.confirm();
}
}).setNeutralButton(“取消”, new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
result.cancel();
}
});
builder.setOnCancelListener(new OnCancelListener() {
@Override
public void onCancel(DialogInterface dialog) {
result.cancel();
}
});

//屏蔽keycode等于84之类的按键,避免按键后导致对话框消息而页面无法再弹出对话框的问题
builder.setOnKeyListener(new OnKeyListener() {
@Override
public boolean onKey(DialogInterface dialog, int keyCode,
KeyEvent event) {
Log.v(“onJsConfirm”, “keyCode==” + keyCode + “event=” + event);
return true;
}
});
//禁止响应按back键的事件
//builder.setCancelable(false);
AlertDialog dialog = builder.create();
dialog.show();
return true;
// return super.onJsConfirm(view, url, message, result);
}

/**
* 覆盖默认的window.prompt展示界面,避免title里显示为“:来自file:////”
* window.prompt(‘请输入您的域名地址’, ‘618119.com’);
*/
@Override
public boolean (WebView view, String url, String message,
String defaultValue, final JsPromptResult result) {
final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(view
.getContext());
builder.setTitle(“lizongbo的Android webview测试prompt对话框”).setMessage(message);
final EditText et = new EditText(view.getContext());
et.setSingleLine();
et.setText(defaultValue);
builder.setView(et);
builder.setPositiveButton(“确定”, new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
result.confirm(et.getText().toString());
}
}).setNeutralButton(“取消”, new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
result.cancel();
}
});

//屏蔽keycode等于84之类的按键,避免按键后导致对话框消息而页面无法再弹出对话框的问题
builder.setOnKeyListener(new OnKeyListener() {
@Override
public boolean onKey(DialogInterface dialog, int keyCode,
KeyEvent event) {
Log.v(“onJsPrompt”, “keyCode==” + keyCode + “event=” + event);
return true;
}
});

//禁止响应按back键的事件
//builder.setCancelable(false);
AlertDialog dialog = builder.create();
dialog.show();
return true;
// return super.onJsPrompt(view, url, message, defaultValue, result);
}

@Override
public void onProgressChanged(WebView view, int newProgress) {
super.onProgressChanged(view, newProgress);
}

@Override
public void onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon) {
super.onReceivedIcon(view, icon);
}

@Override
public void onReceivedTitle(WebView view, String title) {
super.onReceivedTitle(view, title);
}

@Override
public void onRequestFocus(WebView view) {
super.onRequestFocus(view);
}

}
[/code]

一条评论 »

  1. […] onCloseWindow(关闭WebView) onCreateWindow() onJsAlert (WebView上alert,Prompt,Confirm无效,需要定制WebChromeClient处理弹出,从而获取网页中的JS,比如使用AlertDialog进行显示),可以参考 http://618119.com/archives/2010/12/20/199.html […]

    Pingback by Android WebView使用总结 – 牛牛车-技术博客 — 2016年07月18日 @ 16:19

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